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For Africa to fulfil its promise, the young, dynamic continent must rediscover its zeal for democracy.
He has hollowed out institutions, among them bodies tasked with fighting corruption.Voting patterns often follow tribe or clan rather than class or ideology, so tend to lock in the advantage of site de rencontre paris gratuit one or other group.Skip to content, north AmericaLatin AmericaEuropeAsia PacificAfrica Middle East.That bodes ill for a continent where institutions are still fragile, corruption rife and economies weakened by the fall of commodity prices (one of the fastest-growing regions of the world has become one of the slowest).Featured Locations, spotlight on Europe, featured Locations, spotlight on Asia Pacific.But the West has flagged in its efforts to promote democracy, especially in places, such as around the Horn of Africa and the Sahel, where the priority is to defeat jihadists.Lost in democratic transition, the latest worrying example is Zambia.And yet South Africa also demonstrates the power of voters.The two-term rule should be enshrined as a norm by Africas regional bodies, just as the African Union forbids coups.As well as promoting a middle class, diversification mitigates the curse of winner-take-all politics.Especially in central Africa, incumbent leaders are changing or sidestepping constitutional term limits to extend their time in office, often provoking unrest.African countries need to diversify away from dependence on exporting commodities, which in turn means liberalising markets and bolstering independent donne vend echange 34 institutions.Countries that are not free still outnumber those that are.
Despite its model constitution, vibrant press and diverse economy, it has been tarnished under its president, Jacob Zuma.
This week Edgar Lungu was re-elected president with a paper-thin majority in a campaign marred by the harassment of the opposition, the closure of the countrys leading independent newspaper, accusations of vote-rigging and street protests.
For democracy to work, winners must not be greedy, losers must accept defeat and both need trusted institutions to act as arbiters and stabilisers.Increasingly connected to the world, Africans know better than anyone the shortcomings of their leaders.That is a big improvement, obviously, but it is down from 71 in 2008.Get our daily newsletter, upgrade your inbox and get our Daily Dispatch and Editor's Picks.Zuma of South Africa, Archbishop Desmond Tutu and former president.W.Decades of counter-terrorism teaches that the best bulwarks against extremism are states that are prosperous and just.In municipal elections this month, the mighty African National Congress lost control of major cities.A big chunk in the middle is made up of flawed and fragile states that are only partly free.Any fresh loans should be conditional on strengthening independent institutions.Too often, it is an illiberal sort of pseudo-democracy in which the incumbent demonises the opposition, exploits the power of the state to stack the electoral contest in his favour and removes constraints on his power.This means that Western influence, though diminished, remains considerablefor historical reasons, and because many African countries still look to the West for aid, investment and sympathy in international lending bodies.
The people of Africa deserve better.
In parts of Africa autocrats are still in power and wars still rage.
The rest of the world can help by expanding access to rich-world markets for African goods, particularly in agriculture.
When a countrys wealth is concentrated in natural resources, controlling the state gives a leader access to the cash needed to maintain power.